Oral language competence is crucial for literacy development, with an increasing body of evidence identifying it as a key indicator of children’s early reading ability. Chan and Dally (2000) further expand the body of evidence linking oral language proficiency to the development of literacy skills and argue a causal relationship stating that ‘… limitations in oral language abilities are at the basis of early reading difficulties experienced by students.’

Chan, L., & Dally, K. (2000). Review of the literature. In L. C. W. Louden, J. Elkins, D. Greaves, H. House, M. Milton, S. Nichols, M. Rohl, J. Rivalland and C. van Kraayenoord (Ed.), Mapping the territory: Primary students with learning difficulties: Literacy and numeracy (Vol. 2, pp. 161-331). Canberra: Department of Education, Training & Youth Affairs.

Teaching Outlines

Over 200 Literacy-based teaching outlines are available.

Visit the Website

Explicit teaching visualising to Prep students, while reading, enhances listening comprehension.

Project 170 Visualising

Explicitly teaching Year 2 students to paraphrase will improve their reading comprehension.

Providing daily peer tutoring in the re-reading strategy enhances the comprehension of Year 1 and 2 ‘at risk’ readers.

Project 199 Re-reading

Teaching stress patterns for two syllable words improves reading accuracy.

Project 64 Teaching stress patterns

Explicitly teaching year one students how to segment words into onset and rime and to use analogy will increase students’ ability to decode words and increase text level.

Project 217 Segmenting, blending analogy through onset & rime

ERIK - Enhancing Reading Intervention Knowledge

ERIK - Enhancing Reading Intervention Knowledge

ERIK is an intervention program focussed on reading in the early years of schooling. It is made up of two parts – an assessment profile and a series of teaching pathways. The assessment profile describes the student’s knowledge in a range of psycholinguistic and cognitive areas necessary for learning to read. The student’s performance on the assessment profile is used to determine an appropriate intervention pathway to meet the student’s needs. The three intervention options or teaching pathways are Phonological Awareness, Orthographic Processing and Comprehension. Each intervention pathway consists of up to 60 lessons, and is taught in 30-45 minute sessions, 3-5 days a week. The school determines how they will implement the program according to their current staffing capacity.

Professional Learning (PL) Activity: The ERIK PL activity aims to enhance teacher and LSAs knowledge of early literacy assessment and intervention.  It also explores the three intervention pathways: Phonological Awareness, Orthographic Processing and Comprehension.

Target Group for PL Activity: Teachers & Learning Support Assisstants (LSAs) working with ‘at risk’ students.  LSAs need to be accompanied by a teacher or the LSA needs to be from a school with a teacher previously trained in ERIK. To access the ERIK PL activity go to the website and click on My PL (IPLS).

The ERIK resource is currently only available in Catholic schools, as the resource is not sold without the associated training which, at this stage, is only available to Catholic schools.

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Teach Them ALL to Read : Catching Kids Before They Fall Through the Cracks (Second Edition)

“This is a user-friendly guide that integrates research into practice. It carefully explains the research behind reading development and provides truly clear, no-nonsense steps to implement the best practices of instruction.

Written for all teachers as well as administrators, this resource covers strategies for nine essential components of effective reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, spelling, fluency, developing a reading culture, providing opportunities to read, writing, word knowledge, and comprehension.

This resource reveals precisely how educators in successful schools are teaching students to read—and how all educators can achieve the same results in their schools!

Author: Elaine McEwan

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Literacy Intervention Strategies

The Literacy Intervention Strategies website aims to equip teachers with the ability to identify, describe and analyse reading disabilities and to implement effective teaching, by identifying the causes of different types of reading disability and the implications of these for diagnosis and teaching.

Teachers can learn to implement dynamic assessment procedures and develop integrated learning support programmes for students who have reading disabilities that include teaching reading strategies at the pre-, while and post- reading phases, orthographic and phonological knowledge and positive self efficacy and attitudes to reading.

The Literacy Intervention Strategies website is based on the extensive research of Dr John Munro (The University of Melbourne).

Literacy Intervention Strategies Video clips of literacy strategies Projects in Literacy Intervention Reading Difficulties and Dyslexia Assessment Tasks (Dyslexia) Indicators of Progress in Reading (English Continuum) Reviews of Literacy and other Education Programs

Macquarie University Special Education Centre (MUSEC) provide these reviews as a community service to inform special educators and other professionals about the evidence base for for a variety of educational practices.

Free Interactive Books Online

A series of  websites providing free access to Interactive Books
(Free at the time of posting)

BBC Schools BBC Words and Pictures Star Fall Voice Thread HMHCO Read Write Think Magic Keys (Interactive Books) Little Critter interactive books Clifford Peek a boo Clifford Strategies for older children Create books Magic School Bus Make a word

AND Google: Free Interactive Books or Interactive Books Free

Speech Pathology Australia - Book of the Year Awards

Each year, Speech Pathology Australia awards three Australian authors the “Best Book for Language Development” in the categories – Young Children, Lower Primary and Upper Primary.

Book of the Year 2009

ERIK Updates


Click below to save a copy of these updated ERIK document

Session Planner - Paraphrasing (Created November 2006) Word count for all stories (December 2007) * New Collins et al (1998) Model of Teaching & Learning (Sept 08) *New Classroom comprehension strategies (September 2008) *New Syllable rules (September 2008) *New RAN activities (October 2009) *Update RIDER - Storyboard (picture grid) * New Guidelines for Administering Tasks (August 2010) *Update ERIK Program Data Collection (Jan 2011)*Update Review Session Results Record Sheet (Jan 2011)*Update Guidelines for Profiling (April 2011) *Update Directions for Review Sessions (Revised July 2011) ERIK Intervention Integrity (Revised July 2011) * Update Assessment Grid - Pre/Post (Yrs 1 & 2) (August 2011) *Update Assessment Grid - Pre/Post (Yrs 3 & 4) (August 2011) *Update Assessment Booklet CORE TESTS (August 2011) *Update Effect Sizes - Spreadsheet (September 2011) *New Improving reading fluency and RAN (25 June 2013) *Revised Excel spreadsheet - Calculating effect sizes for ERIK - Blank (New - 25 June 2013)

This spreadsheet also includes details on how to calculate an individual student’s effect size, by situating their performance within the performance of the group.

GRREaD - Group Reading & Rereading Easy Appropriate texts Daily How to setup the readability function in Word2007 (New - 25 June 2013) About - The Flesch Kincaid readability formula (New - 25 June 2013) How to improve retell by explicitly teaching Story Grammar (New - 25 June 2013) Cued questions for scaffolding retell in the ERIK lessons (Not to be used for testing) *New Teaching comprehension strategies to a whole class + vocab development (New - 25 June 2013) Excel spreadsheet - Calculating effect sizes for ERIK using YARC - Blank (New - 16 October 2013 Assessment Grid using YARC - Pre/Post (Yrs 1 & 2) (22 October 2013) *New Assessment Grid using YARC - Pre/Post (Yrs 3 & 4) (22 October 2013) *New Guidlines for Profiling - YARC (New - 29 Jan 2015) ERIK Program Data Collection 2016 (New - 09 Feb 2016) General Instructions 2016A (New - 09 Feb 2016) ERIK Consent Form (New - 09 Feb 2016)

Visit this page, on a regular basis, to see if there are any new ERIK updates.